Effects of yeast hydrolysate on hepatic lipid metabolism in high-fat-diet-induced obese mice: yeast hydrolysate suppresses body fat accumulation by attenuating fatty acid synthesis.
The effects of yeast hydrolysate on body fat accumulation.
We observed whether the anti-obesity activity of yeast hydrolysate (YH) was due to the alteration of lipid-regulating enzyme activities. Male ICR mice were divided into four groups: a normal diet group (ND; 4.2% fat), a high-fat diet group (HF; 27.7% fat), an HF group treated orally with 0.5% or 1% YH in the drinking water (HF+YH0.5; 27.7% fat and HF+YH1; 27.7% fat). After 5 weeks, the YH groups (HF+YH0.5 = 3.92 ± 0.17 g/100 g BW and HF+YH1 = 3.76 ± 0.13 g/100 g BW) had significantly lower levels of epididymal fats compared to the HF group (4.91 ± 0.29 g/100 g BW; p < 0.05). YH supplementation produced a decrease in serum triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations and body weight gain, and produced a dose-dependent significant increase in serum ghrelin compared with the HF group (p < 0.05). Hepatic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity was inhibited by YH supplementation compared with the HF group, and mice treated orally with 1% YH exhibited a significant decrease in hepatic malic enzyme (ME) activity compared to obese mice treated with the vehicle (HF = 10.44 ± 2.74 nmol/min/mg protein vs. HF+YH1 = 6.68 ± 2.23 nmol/min/mg protein; p < 0.05). YH supplementation suppressed body fat accumulation by attenuating fatty acid synthesis through the downregulation of hepatic G6PD and ME activities.